Bitcoin, Ethereum prices in free fall as China plans crackdown on mining and trading

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Bitcoin took a hit today.

Bitcoin has seen much better days. 

Getty Images

, , and every available had a terrible week. Prices began falling Wednesday following the news of China reaffirming its ban on the crypto services for its financial institutions. Then, after a brief rebound Thursday, prices fell again Friday when a statement from a meeting among top Chinese officials called for what could be disastrous actions against cryptocurrency. 

“We should be more alert and look for potential risks,” a statement from the meeting said, according to . “We should crack down on bitcoin mining and trading activities and prevent individual risks from being passed to the whole society.” 

The value of Bitcoin fell sharply after the news from the meeting came out Friday morning, reaching a low of $33,590. It was at a little over $41,000 just hours before. Dogecoin and Ethereum also saw their values slip, by 10% and 12%, respectively. 

The cryptocurrency industry had its first gut punch come Tuesday, as the China Internet Finance Association said it won’t allow the country’s financial institutions to partake in any business related to cryptocurrency, due to the volatile nature of the digital coins, binance lágmarksviðskipti according to a Chinese media report spotted by  on Wednesday. This position isn’t new. China , which also resulted in a massive Bitcoin selloff. 

“The price of virtual has soared and plummeted, and virtual currency trading speculation has rebounded, which has seriously violated the safety of the people’s property and disrupted the normal economic and financial order,”  said (via Google Translate).

Not the kind of morning Bitcoin owners want to see.

Not the kind of morning Bitcoin owners wanted to see.


Bitcoin’s price dropped Wednesday morning to a low of just above $30,000, then rebounded to $37,000, according to — a loss of 12% for the day. Ethererum and Dogecoin also saw drops at about the same time.

Since the start of the pandemic, Bitcoin, along with other cryptocurrencies, saw its value climb, reaching . Since then, the price has been coming down because of growing concern about the large energy consumption required for Bitcoin. Last week, CEO said his company would because its use is increasing the burning of coal for power. 

The popularity of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies attracted the attention of President Joe Biden. The US Treasury proposed a requirement for individuals to report any . The proposal is also included in the president’s . A similar rule is already in place in banks for any deposits over that same amount. 

EU should adopt common cryptocurrency rules, report for ministers says

By Francesco Guarascio and Peter Maushagen

BRUSSELS, Sept 4 (Reuters) – The European Union should adopt common rules on cryptocurrencies and scrutinise how new digital units are distributed to investors and subsequently traded, according to a report prepared for EU finance ministers.

In the report, the Brussels-based think tank Bruegel argues for EU-level regulation of crypto exchanges and clearer rules on “Initial Coin Offerings” (ICOs) to control risks and exploit the potential of the industry and its underlying Blockchain technology.

The document, seen by Reuters, is due to be presented to the ministers who are meeting on Friday and Saturday in Vienna.

So far EU authorities have avoided comprehensive regulation because of the sector’s relatively small size and the low percentage of trade in bitcoin, the most popular cryptocurrency, into euros.

However, they have long worried about the market’s high volatility and the risk of fraud and money laundering.

The market capitalisation of crypto assets, such as cryptocurrencies and crypto tokens issued for an ICO, has fallen to around $200 billion in August from a peak of more than $800 billion in January.

Bitcoin has dropped by about 60 percent against the dollar this year.

Now the possible expansion of the crypto exchange business in Europe and considerable interest in ICOs in EU countries, which account for 30 percent of the global market in terms of projects funded, is pushing regulators to take a closer look.

Hong Kong-based Binance, one of the world’s largest crypto exchanges, plans to move to Malta, the EU’s smallest state, after a Chinese crackdown on the industry.

Austria, which holds the rotating EU presidency, is asking whether EU regulations need changing to address “potential risks posed by crypto assets” and harness their full potential, according to a preparatory document for the meeting of finance ministers.

Bruegel says regulation of bitcoins as such is impossible because of their virtual nature, but that of entities dealing with the instruments, such as exchanges, could be subject to stricter disclosure rules or even be banned.

“As done in China, mining farms can be forbidden,” the document said, referring to the business of releasing new cryptocurrencies.


New EU rules on money laundering will increase checks on crypto exchanges but are unlikely to be fully operational in all member states before 2020.

Regulation of the platform business is largely left to national authorities.

Citing the planned Binance move to Malta, Bruegel said this “might suggest that there is scope for regulatory arbitrage” following a crackdown on exchanges in some Asian countries.

However, the report also said exchanges seeking jurisdictions with lighter regulation might need to be tolerated for some time “to experiment and learn about the best approaches to this fast-developing technology”.

Clearer rules on ICOs could also be useful as most involve utility tokens, where future services are promised in exchange for isilinganiso sokubuyekezwa kwe-binance a current payment – a business that is currently often unregulated.

Only the smaller share of ICOs that are securities usually fall under EU financial regulations. (Writing by Francesco Guarascio; editing by David Stamp)

FOREX-Dollar rally pauses as Fed plays calm hand on inflation surprise

By Hideyuki Sano

TOKYO, May 14 (Reuters) – The dollar took a breather on Friday but looks set to post weekly gains against a basket of currencies as investors weighed the risk of U.S.
inflation rising faster than expected and prodding the Federal Reserve to hike interest rates sooner.

A strong reading on U.S. wholesale prices and jobless claims on Thursday failed to spark a renewed uptick in Treasury yields, بائنانس کمپنی کا جائزہ which some traders put down to the market already pricing in a degree of inflation worries.

Moreover, the Federal Reserve has been sticking to its script that its stimulus will be in place for some time to support the economy, with officials viewing a spike in inflation as transitory.

“We’ve seen some surprise economic data. But because the Fed hasn’t budged an inch in its stance, markets won’t be able to keep talking up the inflation story,” said Masaru Ishibashi, joint general manager of trading at Sumitomo Mitsui Bank.

In mid-Friday Asian trade, the dollar index stood at 90.707 , sitting on a gain of 0.5% so far this week and keeping some distance from its 2-1/2-month low of 89.979 set on Tuesday.

Against the yen, the dollar stood at 109.50 yen, below Thursday’s one-month high of 109.785.

The euro was fetching $1.2076, holding above Thursday’s low of $1.20515 while the British pound changed hands at $1.4047.

The U.S.

producer price index rose 0.6% in April after surging 1.0% in March. In the 12 months through April, the PPI shot up 6.2%. That was the biggest year-on-year rise since the series was revamped in 2010 and followed a 4.2% jump in March.

A separate report showed the number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits dropped to a 14-month low of 473,000.

Strong data, coming after a stunning jump in consumer inflation announced on Wednesday, added to the evidence inflationary pressure is building up in the United States as vaccine rollouts prompts economic normalisation.

On Thursday, however, U.S.

bond yields dipped, with the 10-year Treasuries yield slipping to 1.651% after hitting a five-week high of 1.707%.

All the same, given the U.S. economic normalisation is gathering steam, market players say underlying inflation concerns will remain for now.

“Inflation will remain a big theme for markets in coming few months. The Fed says it will be transitory but markets are asking ‘what if it turns out not to be transitory,” said Yukio Ishizuki, senior strategist at Daiwa Securities.

Worries about an over-heated economy could intensify especually if the Biden administration manages to press ahead with its $4.1 trillion jobs and infrastructure plan.

“People think it will be scaled back considerably by Republicans. But if can get a deal close to a full amount, that would get a lot of people nervous,” said Seiya Nakajima, chief economist at Office Niwa.

In crypto currencies, bitcoin flirted with 2-1/2-month lows after Tesla Inc chief Elon Musk reversed his stance on accepting the digital currency and on news of a U.S.

probe into Binance, one of the world’s biggest cryptocurrency exchanges.

The world’s biggest cryptocurrency last traded at $49,155 , having fallen to as low as $45,700 on Thursday, its lowest level since March 1.

The second-biggest cryptocurrency ether was firmer at $3,783.5, though it was still off a record high of $4,380.64 hit on Wednesday.

Also moving in the opposite direction from bitcoin, dogecoin, a relatively new coin promoted by Musk, jumped as much as 20% after he said he was involved in work to improve the token’s transaction efficiency.

(Reporting by Hideyuki Sano Editing by Shri Navaratnam)

Bitcoin has rallied after plunging below the $40,000 mark for the first time in more than three months, as Tesla boss Elon Musk insists the company will not sell any of its holdings in the cryptocurrency

Bitcoin has rallied after plunging below the $40,000 mark for the first time in more than three months, as Tesla boss Elon Musk insists the company will not sell any of its holdings in the cryptocurrency.

Despite the turbulence, celebrities and others who bought in early are still up big – but small investors who jumped on the Bitcoin trend in the past few months may have suffered ruinous losses.

Investors had rushed out of cryptocurrency earlier Wednesday after China sparked a market panic when officials announced a regulatory crackdown. Bitcoin dropped as low as $30,201.96 – down as much as 30 percent before it retraced most of its losses after Musk’s vote of confidence. 

By late afternoon trade in New York, the currency was still down about 10 percent on the day, but was well off its earlier lows. 

Shoring up the market amid turbulence, Musk indicated the company would not sell any of its Bitcoin holdings, tweeting on Wednesday morning: ‘Tesla has [diamond hands]’.

‘Diamond hands’ is slang popularized by the Reddit forum WallStreetBets, indicating a refusal to sell even in the face of falling prices.

Tesla stock was down 2.6 percent in afternoon trading.

Tesla holds roughly 38,700 Bitcoins at an average purchase price of $34,700, according to a analysis of the company’s public statements, meaning the company’s investment was worth $1.56 billion at Wednesday’s prices. 

That means even after the topsy-turvy markets of Wednesday, Tesla still has a gain of more than $200 million.

In the earlier sell-off, cryptocurrencies across the board were hit, and technology platforms that host the digital assets’ trading and other related functions reported being down and, in some cases even suspending withdrawals, adding to the negative tone in markets. 

People on Reddit trading boards described losing their shirts and some people even posted telephone numbers for a suicide help line in case the losses led to hopeless feelings.

Bitcoin rallied on Wednesday after plunging below the $40,000 mark for the first time in more than three months

Tesla boss Elon Musk insists the company will not sell any of its holdings in the cryptocurrency 

Musk suggested Tesla will not sell its Bitcoin, using the internet slang ‘diamond hands’

‘I know today looks terrible and lots of people lost too much money they can afford to lose, but markets always bounce back so lets not do rash decisions!!!

Life is more important!’ one person wrote on Reddit.

Another person wrote that they were selling because they could no longer stand the topsy turvy nature of the cryptocurrency: ‘I’m tired of holding an asset that I’m always worried will crash, is bad for the environment, could get stolen, where the network slows to crawl with even mild usage, will probably depreciate to zero value, and which barely gets used …’  

Yet another person said a weekend dip in the currency wiped out $40,000 of his Bitcoin holdings.

‘I actually sold,’ he said, after earning enough to pay off his mortage. 

Bitcoin earlier Wednesday  tumbled more than 50 percent from a record high of $64,895 hit on April 14, and erased all of its gains since February 8, when Tesla announced it had acquired a stake costing $1.5 billion. 

The company later sold off 10 percent of its holdings for a profit of $101 million, وقتی binance ipo a 59 percent gain. 

Celebrities who have previously said they own Bitcoin include Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, former boxer Mike Tyson and Game of Thrones star Maisie Williams. 

However, all expressed interest in the cryptocurrency long before the recent price run-up and were unlikely to be in negative territory during the recent crash, presuming they still hold onto their holdings they previously touted. 

Dorsey said in 2019 that he spends several thousand a week on Bitcoin, Tyson was an early adopter in 2015, and Williams joined the Bitcoin train last November. 

Any Bitcoin purchased before early February of this year is still worth more than it cost to purchase. 

However, amateur enthusiasts who jumped on the trend at peak prices over the past two months would have suffered heavy losses. 

For example, $1,000 worth of Bitcoin purchased at the peak price would be worth just $618 on Wednesday afternoon, even after the cryptocurrency rebounded off its worst losses. 

In March 2019, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey said that he spends several thousand dollars each week to buy Bitcoin

Former boxer Mike Tyson and Game of Thrones star Maisie Williams have previously said they own Bitcoin, though it is unclear how much they still own

Amid the selloff, Barstool Sports founder Dave Portnoy, a cryptocurrency enthusiast, said that he would not sell as prices plunged.

‘I’m still in on crypto, I do believe buy the dips.

I do believe that is a fundamental — if you like crypto, if you believe in crypto, you should never be happier than today, because you can get it on discount,’ he said on a video podcast.

Bitcoin, the biggest and best-known cryptocurrency, had already been under pressure from a series of tweets from Musk, but the news from China sent it as low as $30,201.96 on Wednesday, a 28 percent drop on the day. 

China’s announcement on Tuesday reiterated a prior ban on financial institutions and payment companies from handling cryptocurrency transactions.

China also warned investors against speculative crypto trading.

Barstool Sports founder Dave Portnoy, a cryptocurrency enthusiast, said that he would not sell as prices plunged

On the Reddit board CryptoCurrency, one person posted a suicide help line

Tesla stock dropped another 4% on Wednesday morning in reaction to Bitcoin’s plunge

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Cryptocurrency ethereum is flourishing but risks linger

By Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss

NEW YORK, May 7 (Reuters) – Ethereum has outperformed major digital currency rivals this year, bolstered by the surge in decentralized finance (DeFi) and the anticipation of a technical adjustment this summer, but it faces hurdles that could stall its rise.

With a jump of more than 350% in its price this year, ethereum has the second-largest market capitalization after bitcoin, but not as much cache and perhaps more operational challenges that could prevent it from eclipsing its major rival.

In the crypto world, the terms “ethereum” and “ether” have become synonymous.

Technically, ethereum is the blockchain network in which decentralized applications are embedded, while ether is the token or currency that enables or バイナンスレバレッジトークン drives the use of these applications.

Ethereum’s market cap on Friday was $410 billion, second to bitcoin’s at more than $1 trillion, according to data tracker
It hit a record high of $3,610.04 on Thursday and was last up 1% at $3,524.

Bitcoin, meanwhile, has risen a more modest 97% this year. Since hitting an all-time high of just under $65,000 in mid-April, bitcoin has actually fallen roughly 18%.

A rise in institutional interest has increased ethereum demand, but supply has been limited.

The token’s supply in exchanges in April hit its lowest in nearly 2-1/2 years, according to Kraken Intelligence, a research blog from cryptocurrency exchange Kraken.

“It’s more than just a coin. It’s a whole ecosystem that allows other applications to be built,” said Bradley Kam, chief executive officer of blockchain domain provider, زموږ د پیرودونکو لپاره بیلانس Unstoppable Domains.

At the heart of ethereum’s ascendancy is DeFi, which refers to peer-to-peer cryptocurrency platforms that facilitate lending outside traditional banking institutions.

Many sites run on the ethereum network, using an open-source code with algorithms that set rates in real time based on supply and demand. The value locked – the total number of loans on DeFi platforms – was $79 billion as of Friday, DeFi Pulse data showed, up nearly 600% from $11 billion in October.

DeFi, however, has its problems.

Dune Analytics research showed 2%-5% of transactions on ethereum-based decentralized exchanges failed due to complications such as slippage or insufficient “gas” prices, which are the fees required to successfully conduct a transaction on the ethereum blockchain.

Between April 15 and April 21, for instance, roughly 1.1 million transactions were made on Uniswap, a DeFi protocol used for exchanging cryptocurrencies.

Of those, 241,262 failed, representing the largest number of transaction failures across the entire ethereum network, data from analytics platform Etherscan and Dune Analytics showed.

“DeFi is destined for meteoric growth, but that growth inherently comes with risk,” said Alex Wearn, chief executive officer at crypto exchange IDEX.

“Issues such as failed transactions and front-running are not subtle, costing users millions of dollars every day,” he said, referring to the practice of getting a transaction first in line in the execution queue right before a known future contract.

“These major … problems limit the appeal of these products for a wider audience and ultimately hinder the ecosystem’s growth.”

Wearn estimates that more than $285 million were lost in DeFi hacks so far this year.

Proponents say DeFi sites represent the future of financial services, providing a cheaper, more efficient and accessible way for people and companies to access and offer credit.


Ethereum has also been plagued by the network’s inability to scale to meet demand without incurring high transaction fees as well as slow execution of transactions, market participants said.

The first phase of an upgrade called Ethereum 2.0 launched last year is aimed at addressing the network’s tech issues on speed, efficiency, and scalability.

However, John Wu, president of AVA Labs, an open-source platform for financial applications, pointed out that the planned migration to Ethereum 2.0 has been in the works for years.

“The timelines have consistently been delayed, so it’s hard to feel comfortable with that unknown,” he said.

Ethereum also faces stiff competition from networks such as AVA Labs’ Avalanche and Binance Smart Chain, which are also compatible with ethereum’s assets and applications.

Data from AVA Labs showed users have transferred more than $170 million to Avalanche from ethereum since February.


Still, hopes of a technical adjustment called EIP (ethereum improvement proposal) 1559, which is expected to go live in July and is seen reducing the supply of ethereum, has provided a lift for the digital currency.

EIP-1559 aims to reduce the volatility of ethereum’s fees by introducing a mechanism to burn some of those transaction fees, which should slow the token’s issuance, analysts said.

The impact on ethereum’s price could be similar to a bitcoin halving event, in which an adjustment cut bitcoin’s supply and propelled its price to record highs, analysts said.

“There’s a lot of numbers going around the market about the potential impact that has like a halving-type magnitude with bitcoin,” said Richard Galvin, co-founder and chief executive officer of crypto fund Digital Asset Capital Management.

“They’re all pretty positive drivers that have, I guess, seen a pretty strong revaluing.”

(Reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss in New York Additional reporting by Tom Wilson in London Editing by Alden Bentley and Matthew Lewis)

۱ فروش اجناس لازمه ثبت شرکت

امکان صدور اوراق قرضه برای شرکت سهامی عام وجود دارد ولی شرکت سهامی خاص چنین حقی ندارد. زیرا اولاَ انجام این گونه پروژه ها نیاز به سرمایه انبوهی دارد که معمولاَ از طریق سرمایه های خصوصی امکان پذیر نیست. زیرا انجام پروژه های بزرگ صنعتی، تجارتی مثل سدها، شهرک ها، آسمان خراش ها و کارخانه های بزرگ خودرو، هواپیما و کشتی سازی جز از طریق تشکیل شرکت های سهامی میسر نیست. طبق ماده 270(ل.ا.ق.ت) هرگاه در مورد تشکیل شرکت سهامی یا عملیات آن یا تصمیماتی که توسط هر یک از ارکان شرکت اتخاذ می گردد مقررات قانونی رعایت نشود،برحسب مورد بنا به درخواست هر ذی نفع، بطلان شرکت یا عملیات یا تصمیمات مذکور،به حکم دادگاه اعلام خواهد شد. در نام شرکت باید کلمه ی «خاص» قبل از ذکر نام شرکت و یا بعد از آن بلافاصله اضافه شود و این کلمه در کلیه ی نوشتجات شرکت و آگهی ها باید رعایت گردد.مانند «شرکت سهامی خاص الوند»یا« و قید کلمه ی خاص باید در تمام نوشتجات شرکت تصریحاَ معلوم باشد.زیرا این نوع شرکت ها در حقیقت یک قسم شرکت سهامی خانوادگی و خصوصی است که مراجعه کنندگان باید اطلاع داشته باشند. به عقیده بنده در این فرصت میشو یک قانونی واقعا نوشت که رعایت سوابق و تحصیلات و حقوق و تمام اینها را من حیثالمجموع کرده باشد و یک قانون استخدامی بیاورند و این یک قدم بلندی خواهد بود که دولت اگر واقعا بخواهد اینکار را بکند و مجلس بخواهد تصویب بکند جزو شاهکارهای خودش میتواند قرار بدهد.

ثبت شرکت با مسئولیت محدود

وزیر پست و تلگراف ما آمد اینجا یک چیزی گفت و رفت برای خودش میگردد. ما با افتخار اعلام می داریم که ثبت شرکت شما را در اروپا و آسیا و… اگر به عنوان یک حرفه ای در این زمینه مشغول به کار هستید توصیه می کنیم حتما برای دریافت این شناسه اقدامات لازم را انجام دهید تا بتوانید از مزیت هایی که برای شما دارد نهایت استفاده را ببرید. 2. کارشناس بعد ، طبقات برند مورد نظر و ریزکالاها و در نهایت نام تجاری بررسی می کند . پس از پذیرش نهایی درخواست ثبت تاسیس ، کارشناس مربوطه به بررسی اطلاعات وارد شده در سامانه می پردازد و نتیجه ی نام های درخواستی شرکت مشخص می گردد که در صورت تایید ، بعد از دریافت رسید پذیرش اینترنتی ، می بایست ، مدارک تأیید شده و پرینت گرفته شده از طریق سامانه توسط اعضا امضا شود. ماده ۴۴ – سال مالی شرکت از یازدهم دی ماه هر سال شروع شده و در تاریخ دهم دی ماه سال بعد خاتمه مییابد. نام شرکت، موضوع شرکت به طور صریح و منجز، مدت شرکت، مرکز اصلی شرکت و محل شعب آن، اگر تاسیس شعبه مورد نظر باشد، مبلغ سرمایه ی شرکت و تعیین مقدار نقد و غیر نقد آن به تفکیک، تعداد سهام بی نام و با نام و مبلغ اسمی آن ها، تعیین مبلغ پرداخت شده ی هر سهم و نحوه ی مطالبه ی بقیه ی مبلغ اسمی هر سهم و مدتی که ظرف آن باید مطالبه شود که به هر حال از پنج سال متجاوز نخواهد بود، نحوه ی انتقال سهام با نام، طریقه ی تبدیل سهام با نام به سهام بی نام و بالعکس، در صورت پیش بینی امکان صدور اوراق قرضه، ذکر شرایط و ترتیب آن، شرایط و ترتیب افزایش و کاهش سرمایه ی شرکت، مواقع و ترتیب دعوت مجامع عمومی، مقررات راجع به حد نصاب لازم جهت تشکیل مجامع عمومی و ترتیب اداره ی آن ها، طریقه ی شور و اخذ رای و اکثریت لازم برای معتبر بودن تصمیمات جامع عمومی، تعداد مدیران و طرز انتخاب و مدت ماموریت آن ها و نحوه ی تعیین جانشین برای مدیرانی که فوت یا استعفا می کنند یا محجور یا معزول یا به جهات قانونی ممنوع می گردند، تعیین وظایف و حدود اختیارات مدیران، تعداد سهام تضمینی که مدیران باید به صندوق شرکت بسپارند، قید این که شرکت یک بازرس خواهد داشت یا بیشتر و نحوه ی انتخاب و مدت ماموریت بازرس، تعیین آغاز و پایان سال مالی شرکت و موعد تنظیم ترازنامه و حساب سود و زیان و تسلیم آن به بازرسان و به مجمع عمومی سالانه، نحوه ی انحلال اختیاری شرکت و ترتیب تصفیه ی امور آن، نحوه ی تغییر اساسنامه.  Th᠎is data has been gen​erat​ed by GSA Co​nten᠎t Gene​rator DE᠎MO .

پیگیری ثبت شرکت

در این صورت هیأت مدیره مکلف است پس از فروش سهام هر گاه مبلغی که به فروش نیک رسیده کمتر از مبلغاسمی سهم باشد پس از کسر مابهالتفاوت و اگر بیشتر از مبلغ اسمی باشد مبلغ پرداخت شده نقدی هر سهم را به صاحبان قبلی سهام مسترد دارد. اساسنامه مهمترین رکن شرکت سهامی و سندی است که شرکت فقط به آن بستگی داد .اساسنامه روابط شرکا را با یکدیگر و حدود اختیارات مجامع عمومی و هیئت مدیره را تعیین و تکلیف سود و زیان شرکت و مدت انحلال آن را معین می نماید. هزینه بسیار نازل ، سرعت ، و دفاع تخصصی ( به دلیل بهره گیری از متخصصین روابط کار کارگری و کارفرمایی ) وجه تمایز این شزکت به شمار می رود . 4-22- در صورتی که کارفرما دستور کار جدیدی را به پیمانکار ابلاغ نماید ، ایشان موظف به اجرای آن خواهد بود. مثلاَ شخصی دارای امتیاز تاسیس یک کارخانه داروسازی است یا در یک رشته خاصی تخصص دارد و از این قبیل ولی سرمایه کافی برای استفاده و اجرای آن ندارد. درآمد مشمول مالیات موضوع این بخش عبارت است از صد درصد درآمد پس از کسر معافیتهای مقرر در این قانون و در صورتی که غیرنقدی باشد به بهای روز انتقال طبق مقررات این قانون تقویم میشود مگر در مورد املاکی که به موجب مقررات قبلی یا اجرای مفاد تبصره ماده ۲۳ برایآنها قیمت منطقهای سابق یا ارزش معاملاتی تعیین شدهاست که در این صورت قیمت منطقهای سابق یا ارزش معاملاتی حسب مورد مأخذ احتسابمالیات قرار خواهد گرفت.

3-سرمایه نقدی شرکت حداقل از سی و پنج درصد کل سهام کمتر نباشد. تمام سرمایه از ناحیه ی موسسین تعهد و اقلاً سی و پنج درصد آن در یکی از بانک ها به نام شرکت در حال تاسیس در حساب مخصوصی سپرده می شود. 10-ارائه گواهی پرداخت حداقل 35% سرمایه شرکت از بانکی که حساب شرکت در شرف تاسیس در آن جا باز شده است. حداقل سرمایه برای تاسیس شرکت سهامی عام 5.000.000 ریال می باشد،در حالی که حداقل سرمایه برای تاسیس شرکت سهامی خاص 1.000.000 ریال می باشد. این شرکت از حداقل دو شریک تشکیل می شود، ولی در آن، بر خلاف شرکت های تضامنی و نسبی، مسئولیت شرکا در قبال طلبکاران شرکت محدود به آورده آن ها در شرکت است. تجزیه سهم بدین صورت است که هر سهم ممکن است به چند قطعه معین که “پاره سهم” نامیده می شود، تجزیه گردد.هر پاره سهم دارای ارزش معین بوده ولی فاقد حقوق مربوط به یک سهم می باشد و مجموع آن ها یک سهم را تشکیل می دهد.

Cryptocurrency chaos as China cracks down on ICOs

By Brenda Goh and Elias Glenn

SHANGHAI/BEIJING, Sept 13 (Reuters) – China’s move last week to ban initial coin offerings (ICO) has caused chaos among start-ups looking to raise money through the novel fund-raising scheme, prompting halts, about-turns and re-thinks.

China is cracking down on fundraising through launches of token-based digital currencies, targeting ICOs in a market that has ballooned this year in what has been a bonanza for digital currency entrepreneurs.

The boom has fuelled a jump in the value of cryptocurrencies, but raised fears of a potential bubble.

“This is not unlike the dotcom bubble of 2000,” said a partner at a venture capital fund in Shanghai, who didn’t want to be named because of the issue’s sensitivity.

“There are a lot of companies raising a lot of money for not very good ideas, and these will eventually be weeded out. But even from the big dotcom bust, you still have gems.”

“One of the reasons regulators stepped in was that the ICO fever extended beyond the traditional crypto community. The timing was an attempt to pre-empt this before it goes into a much broader mass market in China,” the partner said.

Investors in China contributed up to 2.6 billion yuan ($394 million) worth of cryptocurrencies through ICOs in January-June, according to a state-run media report citing National Committee of Experts on Internet Financial Security Technology data.

Pre-ICO roadshows featuring elaborate standing room-only presentations at 5-star hotels drew a diverse crowd, including grandmothers – a likely tipping point for regulators.

The hype and subsequent crackdown came as China focuses on economic and social stability ahead of next month’s congress of the Communist Party, a once-in-five-years event.

Beijing is also waging a broader campaign against fraudulent fundraising and speculative investment, which analysts attribute to China’s underdeveloped financial regulation and lack of legitimate investment options.

While several start-ups said the exuberance had got out of control and they had expected Beijing to act, they said last week’s move panicked investors and caused confusion.

Mi Huijin, for example, said he had just got off a train to Shanghai after closing a deal for his Singpay blockchain start-up when he switched on his phone to a flood of messages about the ban. He summoned the host of a popular live-stream channel to the railway station to calm his followers in a 40-minute broadcast.

“Everyone shouldn’t panic. If you’ve nothing to be guilty of what’s there to be scared of?” he told the roughly 800,000 viewers.

“After reviewing the regulations, I feel it’s a good thing.”

Not everyone was convinced. While some comments below his video asked if Singpay would offer refunds, others warned that some users had reported the start-up to police.

China’s position – which differs from regulators elsewhere, who say ICOs may be securities and thus subject to regulation – remains open to interpretation.

Hu Bin, deputy director of the finance institute at the China Academy of Social Sciences, an institution directly under the State Council, or cabinet, has said this is a “stop on ICOs, not a ban. What are we stopping? Illegal ICOs.”

Hu said China recognized there is real demand for ICOs, but wants to prevent them being used for speculation.

“It’s entirely proper for the Chinese government to seek protection for consumers and prevent fraud, (but) confining capital raising to a specific established sector of finance … is to ignore the enormous societal value that blockchain technology can present,” said Alex Bessonov of BitClave, a Silicon Valley-based blockchain company, which, he said, is now discouraging Chinese investors.


Li Yuan, CEO of Selfsell, a start-up hoping to build a platform for retail investors, said he had to cancel a planned ICO for last week, and return all pledged coins.

For those who already conducted their ICO, things are even more complicated.

Da Hongfei, founder of Neo, a public blockchain which raised 30 million yuan ($4.65 million) through an ICO last year, said it was extending to next month an offer for participants to return their Neo coins in exchange for bitcoin.

While the government announcement appeared to require all funds be returned to investors, Da said he can’t force people to exchange their tokens as they would lose out at bitcoin’s current rate.

Bitcoin traded around $4,350 on Tuesday, according to Bitstamp, down from nearly $5,000 earlier this month.

“We offer the option, but we can’t point a gun at the user and ask them to refund,” Da said.

That said, nearly all the ICO organisers interviewed by Reuters agreed the ICO market was getting out of control and needed change.

More than 100,000 investors acquired new cryptocurrencies through 65 ICOs in January-June – a frenzy that attracted both investors seeking a quick trading profit and individuals and firms able to raise funds with little more than a plan and a website.

“Many people have not been very discerning on whether the project is actually good or bad,” said Daniel Wang, founder of blockchain start-up Loopring, adding he asked Chinese ICO investors to return their tokens, though it’s difficult to recall tokens already trading on the secondary market.


Indeed, the ban has left around five dozen platforms in China – websites that promote and list the tokens, usually in return for money or a portion of the offering, so they can be traded – in limbo.

More than 40, including ICO365 and Bitbays, have shut down or suspended new ICO activity.

Some also took their websites offline.

время вывода binance, which said that over 80 percent of its users were based overseas, said it would restrict all Chinese IP addresses from trading.

For those companies serious about raising funds, there are other options.

Xiaoning Li, CEO of VCCoin, said he returned 2,000 bitcoins to investors and was figuring out what to do next.
“We have angel investors. We will probably still do an ICO, but have to look at where and how to do it,” he told Reuters.

The co-founder of another platform said they were re-thinking their strategy outside China, and “will shift our focus to markets which are not banning ICOs, but rather trying to put in place higher standards and regulatory supervision” – such as the United States, Canada and Singapore.

($1 = 6.4560 Chinese yuan renminbi) (Reporting by Brenda Goh and Elias Glenn, with additional reporting and writing by Jeremy Wagstaff; Editing by Ian Geoghegan)